Damage to the hair occurs when the protective layers of your hair are attacked, including the cortex and cuticle. The cuticle is made of keratin and sealed with a layer of lipid while the cuticle is made up of keratin fibers. When the cortex breaks, your hair ends up with choppy layers not associated with a proper haircut.
This could be caused either by chemical or physical means. Your hair can be damaged by UV rays, pollution, chlorine, hard water, curling, blow drying, combing or brushing, bleach, hair dye, relaxers or more. It is possible to repair some types of damage but not all of them.
The first suggestion is to get your hair trimmed regularly so that any damaged or split ends are unable to continue up the hair strand, damaging more of the hair. If the damaged ends are removed, the hair has a better chance of getting better. It is suggested one get a trim every six to eight weeks.
Next, make sure you use a hair mask regularly because it will help hydrate your hair. Hydrated hair is less likely to suffer damage. The hair mask should have amino acids, argon oil, keratin, and certain botanical ingredients. Use the hair mask instead of a regular conditioner every few washes.
When your hair is wet, use either a wide tooth comb or a brush designed to detangle wet hair. Do not use a regular hair brush because it can break the strands. In addition, use a leave in conditioner or detangler to help the comb glide through the hair. As stated before, wear a hat or use hair sunscreen to protect your hair from UV rays and protect your hair from exposure to chlorine.
Think about using oil on your hair. You could use Argon oil or coconut oil. A small amount of coconut oil can make your hair soft and manageable, especially when applied to the ends which are often in need of moisture. Furthermore, you should not wash your hair every day because every time you wash your hair, you are removing oils from your scalp. These are the oils that work their way down the strands of your hair as you brush your hair. Instead, wash it every few days and use a dry shampoo in-between.
In addition, try not to put your hair up in a tight bun or ponytail when it's wet or damp, otherwise you could cause breakage. Wait until your hair is dry and try for a looser style. Furthermore, if your hair is color treated, you should dial back on the use of heat based tools such as curling irons to prevent damage. It's a good idea to use a lower temperature or completely eliminate the use of these tools to help cut down on the damage done to your hair.
Think about using a leave-in conditioner after using a regular conditioner or hair mask to add a layer of protection to your hair and it can help your hair. In addition, pay attention to your scalp because a healthy scalp means that your hair will be in good shape. Try using a scalp scrub once a week to get rid of any buildups of dirt while leaving a clean scalp.
If you plan to change the color of your hair and you plan to go lighter, let a pro handle it because they know how to do it properly. Finally, think about a new style that requires less maintenance and fewer tools to get the look.
These suggestions work for anytime of the year and should be done on a regular basis. Work to keep your hair in good shape so it always looks good, is hydrated, and bounces. Let me know what you think, I'd love to hear. Have a great day.